The appellation Faugères presents an homogeneity quite particular because of its soil. We can say that more than 80% of the ground belongs to the geological system know as : " Monts de Faugères " wich dates back to the " Viséen Shistogréseux " that is to say the primary era. Here we find some of the oldest geological structures in France.
These grounds are made of clay coming from primary sea sediment. During the primary fold, the clays were submitted to heavy compression because of high temperatures. That gave birth to our present shist.
The whole part of Jean Claude Estève's vineyards are growing on these schistous hillsides created during the primary era (" Carbonifère ") between 200 and 400 meters high, directed south, facing the Mediterranean sea.
|On the foothills of the " Cévennes ", on the south slope
of the " Montagne Noire ", the vineyards are terraced to the steep
hillsides or on the stony plateaus. Its slopes burnt by the sun, its
geographical, climatic and geological unity have created a very unique soil.
The vineyards are submitted to a typical mediterranean microclimate, dry
and warm during winter. Frosts are less usual than in the north of France
so that climate helps in the production of wines that are generous and sweet
on the tongue with a high alcohol content and the low acidity.
The whole part of the vineyard use five varieties of grapes (" grenache,
carignan, syrah, mourvèdre, cinsault ") all of wich are well
adapted to this dry ground and are able to take the best benefit from it.
The blending of these different grapes in the right proportions, after many
tastings, have confirmed the quality of "Domaine Estève" or "Château
|The surface of vineyards is actually of about 40 hectares. The density
of growing is of 4000 to 5000 plants / hectare.
The work of the ground is traditional, a part of the fruits are removed in june to limit the production which is actually of 40 to 45 hectolitres / hectare for the quality : " Domaine Estève ", 30 to 35 hectolitres / hectare for the quality : " Château des Adouzes ".
The pruning of the vineyards :
In a traditional way " en gobelet " for the old vineyards(carignan and cinsault).
The varieties used since the last twenty years to ameliorate the wines (syrah, mourvèdre and grenache) are grown using a technic know as " Sur fil et palissage ", grown on overhead cables.
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Chateau des Adouzes
SARL Estève et Fils 34320 Roquessels - France
tel: (+33) 126.96.36.199.11 and (+33) 188.8.131.52.71
fax: (+33) 184.108.40.206.74
Contact us: email@example.com
Made by Franck Dévé